For an introduction to the MMAD and the distinction between report-level and event-level data, please refer to
Weidmann, Nils B. and Espen Geelmuyden Rød. The Internet and Political Protest in Autocracies. Chapter 4. Oxford University Press, 2019.
When using the MMAD for your own work, please cite this chapter as well as the codebook for the respective version (see below).
Detailed information about the variables contained in the MMAD and the numeric codes is available in the codebook.
Codebook for the current version:
MMAD Codebook for Version 2.0 (146 downloads)
Codebooks for previous versions:
MMAD Codebook for Version 1.0 (50 downloads)
We pre-filter news reports using machine learning techniques. This procedure is described in
Croicu, Mihai and Nils B. Weidmann. 2015. “Improving the Selection of News Reports for Event Coding Using Ensemble Classification.” Research & Politics 2(4).