Download the MMAD

When using information from our database, please cite the companion book chapter and observe the license terms. You need to be a registered user of this site before you can download the data. To register, use the login link above.

Report-level Data

This is the original version of the MMAD. The table contains report-level data, where each line corresponds to a report about a particular event. Many events are covered in more than one report, so do NOT use these data for event-level analyses without prior aggregation (or some other way to take into account the nested data structure)! For more information about the variables included, please refer to the MMAD documentation.

  • id: Unique identifier for this report
  • cowcode: The Correlates of War country code
  • location: The unique ID of the city, from the GeoNames database
  • longitude/latitude: The geographic coordinates of the city, from the GeoNames database
  • asciiname: The ASCII name of the city, from the GeoNames database
  • event_date: The event date
  • side: The side the protest is directed at (anti/pro-government)
  • actors: The actors involved in the protest (as mentioned in the report, no standardization)
  • issue: The protest issue (as mentioned in the report, no standardization)
  • scope: The scope of the protest (local/regional/national)
  • part_violence: The level of participant violence
  • sec_engagement: The level of security force engagement
  • num_participants: The number of participants (as mentioned in the report, sometimes contains text)
  • avg_num_participants: An estimate of the number of participants, where words such as “hundreds” were replaced with approximate numbers. If more than one estimate is reported, the average is taken.

Download the latest version of the report-level dataset here:  MMAD Reports, Version 1.0 (41 downloads)

Event-level Data

For users requiring data at the level of events, we provide a pre-aggregated version of the MMAD. The table contains the following variables:

  • cowcode: The Correlates of War country code
  • location: The unique ID of the city, from the GeoNames database
  • asciiname: The ASCII name of the city, from the GeoNames database
  • longitude/latitude: The geographic coordinates of the city, from the GeoNames database
  • event_date: The event date
  • side: The side the protest is directed at (anti/pro-government)
  • numreports: The number of reports available for this event
  • maxscope: The maximum scope across the reports for this event
  • maxpartviolence: The maximum level of participant violence across the reports for this event
  • maxsecengagement: The maximum level of security force engagement across the reports for this event
  • avgnumparticipants: The average number of participants across the reports for this event

Download the latest version of the event-level dataset here:  MMAD Events, Version 1.0 (55 downloads)